CWRU and UH secure $4 million to establish research center focused on lung cancer in East Africa

Researchers with the Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center (UHCMC) have secured $4 million in funding from the National Institutes of Health (NIH)/National Cancer Institute (NCI) to establish an HIV-associated Malignancy Research Center (HAMRC) focused on lung cancer in East Africa.

The team will collaborate with Ugandan and Tanzanian researchers at the Joint Clinical Research Centre in Kampala, Makerere University Lung Institute, Uganda Cancer Institute, Mulago National Hospital, National Institute for Medical Research (NIMR), Muhumbili National Hospital and the Ocean Road Cancer Institute. The HAMRC will investigate novel approaches to characterize lung cancer epidemiology, somatic mutation burden, HIV and accelerated aging, and radiological features of lung cancer and the relationship to HIV-1 infection.

The focus of this new research center includes establishing national lung cancer diagnostic referral networks in Uganda and Tanzania, teleradiology telepathology, technology

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Medieval Latrines Hold Clues About Intestinal Health in Europe and Middle East

Wooden latrine from medieval Riga, Latvia. (Credit: Uldis Kalejs)

(CN) — Researchers digging through the contents of two medieval latrines have turned up new information about the intestinal health of ancient communities in what is now Europe and the Middle East, according to a new study released Sunday. 

The findings provide rare insight into the microbiomes of pre-industrial, agriculture-based communities and could help contemporary scientists better interpret the microbial diversity in nations around the world, researcher Piers Mitchell of Cambridge University said in a statement attached to the study.

“These latrines gave us much more representative information about the wider pre-industrial population of these regions than an individual faecal sample would have,” Mitchell said. “Combining evidence from light microscopy and ancient DNA analysis allows us to identify the amazing variety of organisms present in the intestines of our ancestors who lived centuries ago.”

Prior research has established that microbiomes —

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A tale of two cesspits: DNA reveals intestinal health in Medieval Europe and Middle East


IMAGE: The medieval latrine at Riga during excavation
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Credit: Uldis Kal?jis

A new study published this week demonstrates a first attempt at using the methods of ancient bacterial detection, pioneered in studies of past epidemics, to characterize the microbial diversity of ancient gut contents from two medieval latrines. The findings provide insights into the microbiomes of pre-industrial agricultural populations, which may provide much-needed context for interpreting the health of modern microbiomes.

Over the years, scientists have noted that those living in industrialized societies have a notably different microbiome compared to hunter-gatherer communities around the world. From this, a growing body of evidence has linked changes in our microbiome to many of the diseases of the modern industrialized world, such as inflammatory bowel disease, allergies, and obesity. The current study helps to characterize the change in gut microbiomes and highlights the value of ancient latrines as sources of bio-molecular

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Free Flu Shots For East Brunswick Residents

The Week

CNN’s Dr. Sanjay Gupta puts Trump’s odds of surviving COVID-19 at ‘greater than 90 percent’

President Trump tested positive for COVID-19 on Thursday night, and “obviously, given the president’s age and his pre-existing illnesses, he’s going to be at increased risk from this disease,” CNN chief medical correspondent Dr. Sanjay Gupta said on Friday morning’s New Day. “Still, the odds are very much in his favor … greater than 90 percent, 95 percent chance that he will get through this.”We know that his age, 244 pounds of weight, heart disease, and cholesterol level put Trump at higher risk, Gupta said. “When you’re at his age, 65 to 74, it’s about a five times greater likelihood that somebody will be hospitalized for this, as compared to somebody younger.” But we don’t know lots of other important information, he added, like whether he has symptoms or when he was infected,

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How Shawn Johnson and Andrew East Reinforce Positive Body Image for Their 10-Month-Old Daughter

Shawn johnson/ instagram

Shawn Johnson and Andrew East are already committed to making sure their 10-month-old daughter, Drew Hazel, has a positive view of herself.

The couple recently opened up to PEOPLE about the small, and adorable, ways in which they reinforce a positive body image for Drew. The effort is especially important for Johnson, 28, who recently told fans about her struggles with eating disorders after competing in the 2008 Olympics as a gymnast.

For East, welcoming his daughter last November helped open his eyes to the burden of a negative body image.

“Now that I have a daughter, I feel like I have a different perspective on it, whereas before, I don’t think I really understood the body image issues as a male as much,” he tells PEOPLE.

“But now it’s something that I’m consciously trying to build in Drew as a positive self-image, because I know that

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Save A Lot grocery story closes in East Baltimore, expanding food desert

Doris Minor Terrell has lived in and out of East Baltimore, in or near the Broadway East neighborhood, for more than 40 years.

For at least the past 20 years, food access in the area has been challenging, and is even harder now with the recent closing of Save A Lot grocery store at 929 N. Caroline St. The closure of the supermarket serving the Broadway East, Oliver and Johnston Square neighborhoods expands an already existing food desert.

Minor Terrell, president of the New Broadway East Community Association, can drive to get her groceries, but many residents of the predominantly Black neighborhoods don’t have cars. This forces residents to rely on public transit or carpooling, an issue exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic, she said, especially for seniors.

One of the closest traditional grocery store options is another Save A Lot in McElderry Park, about a mile away from the now-closed

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Coronavirus Or Flu? Hospital Offers Tests Across East End To Tell

SOUTHAMPTON, NY — Is it the coronavirus, or the flu? Stony Brook Southampton Hospital announced recently that it will provide Influenza A, Influenza B and COVID PCR testing at sites across the East End so individuals can tell the difference.

The tests, which will be given by appointment only, are available at Parrish Memorial Hall in Southampton, East Hampton High School, and the Shelter Island Meeting House Lane Medical Practice. A physician’s prescription is needed.

“COVID-19 symptoms are similar to the flu and we are providing influenza testing because it is important to get the correct diagnosis,” said Fredric I. Weinbaum, MD, chief medical officer and chief operating officer of Stony Brook Southampton Hospital.

To help prevent the spread of COVID-19, Weinbaum urged individuals to wear a mask, maintain social distancing and wash their hands frequently.

“These measures, along with a flu vaccine, can also help prevent spreading the flu

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Member of East Haven’s Momauguin School community positive for coronavirus

EAST HAVEN — A member of the Momauguin Elementary School community has tested positive for COVID-19, Superintendent of Schools Erica Forti told parents and other school community members in an email Tuesday.

School will be in session Wednesday at Momauguin, Forti said in a separate email to the New Haven Register.

Neither email specified whether the person who tested positive was a teacher, student or staff member.

But Michael Pascucilla, director of the East Shore District Health Department, said it was a student.

“We just found out about it, ourselves. This all went down in just the last few hours,” Pascucilla said. “We believe we have a good handle on it and we’re doing contact tracing … and there will be some people in quarantine. My staff is working on it along with (Forti’s) staff.

“This doesn’t warrant closing a school” and “it seems to be isolated,” Pascucilla said. “Right

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Outdoor arts and crafts event set for Sept. 26-27 in East Jordan | Featured-pnr

EAST JORDAN — The East Jordan City Commission recently gave its approval for an arts and crafts event to be set up in a city park this coming weekend.

At its regular semi-monthly meeting on Sept. 15, the city commission approved a request from Blue Ribbon Events to host an event dubbed “Paint and Pumpkins” from 10 a.m.-5 p.m. on Saturday-Sunday, Sept. 26-27 at the East Jordan Tourist Park.

“This fine art and craft show will be a boutique art show with no more than 40 vendors,” stated event organizers.

On Monday, East Jordan City Administrator Tom Cannon said the event was originally slated to take place simultaneously with the East Jordan Fall Festival, however that event, like many others throughout Northern Michigan was cancelled earlier this year because of COVID-19 concerns.

There is no charge for entry into the event.

Cannon said city staff felt it was important to

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