How Decoding Dyslexia Can Help Decode the Mind

During this school year, thousands of children will begin reading. Despite their best efforts, however, up to a tenth of them will struggle. If we were aware of the early warning signs, we could help these children by using research-based remediation. But dyslexia is poorly understood by the public. Unveiling these misconceptions can help millions of children. It could also help decode the human mind.

To shed light on the public view of dyslexia, let us take a moment to play clinician. Consider John and Jack, who suffer from reading difficulties. John confuses letters, like b and d, while Jack struggles to link letters with sounds; he doesn’t recognize that kat sounds like the name of a familiar animal. Which one has a reading disorder?

If you are like most laypeople, you would probably think John’s letter reversals are the telltale sign of dyslexia. But reading science suggests otherwise. Dyslexia,

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Physical Education Teachers Can Help Students With Dyslexia Through Sport

Dyslexia is a complicated process that involves many different procedures and cognitive faculties. Before people are discussing the specific syndromes of acquired dyslexia, the processes mediating word recognition and pronunciation are briefly reviewed. The visual system efficiently processes a complicated stimulus that is, at least for like alphabet based on languages, is composed of smaller meaningful unit letters. In part the number of words, there is often a considerable visual similarity between words. In addition, the position of letters within the letter string is also critical to word identification. The light of theses factors, it is perhaps not surprising that reading places a substantial burden on the visual system and those disorders of visual processing or visual attention may substantially disrupt reading.

The fact that normal readers are so adept at word recognition has led some investigators to suggest that words are not processed as a series of distinct letters … Read More